The calciferol receptor (VDR) is a health proteins that is turned on by vitamin D. It is associated with maintaining the mineral balance in the body and causing growth and hair expansion. It also treats adipose tissue.

VDRs are expressed inside the parathyroid glands, intestines, epithelial cellular material, and many resistant cell types. They are considered to regulate the intestinal consumption of calcium supplement, and to mediate some of the associated with vitamin D about bone protection. They are also thought to enjoy an important position in metabolic rate.

VDR is found in a variety of tissues, including epithelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and skin keratinocytes. However , they can be most widely indicated in the kidneys and osseous matter.

The VDR is phosphorylated in serine elements by a couple of protein kinases. These kinases include PKA and PKC. The effect of those kinases on VDR is normally ligand based. Specifically, the phosphorylation of Ser51 by PKC reduced VDR nuclear localization. Likewise, phosphorylation of Ser182 by PKA reduced RXR heterodimerization.

Studies have shown that VDRs are present in a subsection, subdivision, subgroup, subcategory, subclass of glial cells, specifically in oligodendrocytes in white matter. Although VDR immunoreactivity has been found in a number of glial cell lines, no evidence has been presented that the existence of VDR in glia is a cause of increased risk of tumorigenesis.

In addition , VDR seems to be present in a subset of neurons. In fact , nuclear discoloration has been proven in person cortex and glial cell-lines.

A large 220-kDa protein is found in human most important glioblastoma cellular material. In contrast, a small recombinant VDR-like protein was produced.